Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

World medical statistics indicate that in recent decades, pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract have become one of the leading diseases in the list of diseases. Doctors confirm that the majority of urban residents, in one way or another suffers from eating disorders.

Diseases of the digestive system can be triggered by the following factors: malnutrition, monotonous nutrition, environmental environmental degradation, poor quality of drinking water, high content of nitrates and pesticides in vegetables and fruits, the presence of bad habits, taking certain medications, genetic predisposition to gastrointestinal diseases , Infectious diseases, parasitic infections, endocrine system diseases.

The most common diseases of the digestive tract include:

  • Gastritis of various etiologies.
  • Colitis.
  • Viral hepatitis.
  • Cirrhosis of the liver.
  • Ulcers of the stomach and duodenum.
  • Dysbacteriosis.
  • Cholecystitis.
  • Pancreatitis.
  • Cystitis.
  • Hemorrhoids.
  • Appendicitis.

The list of adverse factors is quite extensive and the risk of developing a pathology of the digestive system is great for every person. Therefore, with the greatest attention should be paid to the slightest signs of trouble, in order to avoid the development of serious and dangerous diseases.

Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract in children

Parents should be aware that intestinal diseases in children have two age peaks: 5-6 years and 9-11 years. The main pathological conditions are:

  • Constipation, Diarrhea
  • Chronic and acute gastritis and gastroenteritis
  • Chronic duodenitis
  • Chronic enterocolitis
  • Stomach ulcer and duodenal ulcer
  • Chronic cholecystitis
  • Chronic pancreatitis
  • Diseases of the biliary tract
  • Chronic and acute hepatitis

Of great importance in the emergence and development of GIT diseases is the inadequate ability of the child's organism to resist infections, since the immunity of the child is still weak. The formation of immunity is greatly influenced by proper feeding in the first months of life.

If any unfavorable symptoms associated with the digestive tract occur in children, it is necessary to seek medical help in a timely manner, not to engage in self-medication, in order not to aggravate the situation. Only in this way can the transition of the disease to the chronic stage be avoided and recovery achieved.

Treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract abroad

Medical Clinic at Heidelberg University, Germany - a unique clinic with highly qualified doctors. About 5,500 patients are treated annually in the department of gastroenterology and hepatology, and about 17,000 patients are treated on an outpatient basis. Thus, the branch takes the leading place in Germany.

The own gastroenterological intensive care unit is a specialty of the department: after severe surgical and endoscopic interventions, patients with cancer are competently served by personnel and physicians who have received special training.

For more than 40 years, patients with cancer have been treated in Heidelberg by different specialists: the concept of gastroenterology treatment is developed in close cooperation with experts from the surgical and radiological clinic at Heidelberg University. Gastroenterological tumors are treated in the department permanently, out-patiently or in cooperation with the National Cancer Center in a day-care clinic.

Due to a wide range of available endoscopic research methods, medical personnel are guaranteed a quick and accurate diagnosis and, if possible, treatment. The clinic has all modern research methods: chromoendoscopy, mucosectomy, endosonography, enteroscopy and many others.

Metabolic diseases of the liver, autoimmune and infectious hepatitis, steatosis of the liver, cholestatic liver diseases, cirrhosis and its consequences, as well as liver tumors are treated in the department permanently or outpatiently.

In addition, the clinic specializes in the treatment of diseases of the esophagus, stomach and intestines, especially chronic inflammatory bowel diseases.